Tag Archives: ipv6

FreeBSD PPPoE setup for UK ISPs

I recently changed ISP from ‘Be’ to ‘Goscomb’ (in order to get native IPv6 delivered direct to my broadband).  My ADSL modem does not support IPv6, so I decided to use it as a bridge to my FreeBSD router which would handle everything for me.

These instructions should work for any UK ISP – and quite probably other non-UK ISPs too.

First of all, you need to configure your ADSL modem to be in fully bridged mode (this varies so much depending on your modem that I can’t really comment here other than to say… read the manual!)  The ATM configuration will be done on your modem, but do not specify any authentication.  As I was using Be,  my modem was already in bridged unauthenticated configuration (all Be multiple-IP customers will be bridged)

Once you have done this, connect your ADSL modem directly into an interface on the FreeBSD router.  Make a note of its interface name (for me, I will use adsl0)

OK, first we need to configure ppp to do the PPPoE authentication.  Edit /etc/ppp/ppp.conf in your favourite editor and add a section for your ISP (I will use goscomb) like so:

goscomb:
set speed sync
set mru 1492
set mtu 1492
set ctsrts off

enable echo
set echoperiod 15
enable lqr
set lqrperiod 15

set log Phase tun

enable ipv6cp
enable ipcp
disable dns

set device PPPoE:adsl0
set server /tmp/pppoe-adsl0 “” 0177

set authname usernamehere@goscomb.net
set authkey passwordhere

add! default HISADDR
add! default HISADDR6

There’s a few things you may wish to change… First you need to replace all occurrences of adsl0 with your interface name.

If your ISP does not support IPv6, you should change enable ipv6cp to disable ipv6cp and remove add! default HISADDR6

Next we need to config the startup sequences… Edit /etc/rc.conf in your favourite editor and add the following:

ifconfig_adsl0=”up”

# PPPoE configuration
ppp_enable=”YES”
ppp_program=”/usr/sbin/ppp”
ppp_nat=”NO”
ppp_user=”root”

ppp_profile=”goscomb”
ppp_goscomb_mode=”ddial”
ppp_goscomb_nat=”NO”

Change the three references to goscomb to be the name of your ppp section.  Also change adsl0 to the name of your PPPoE interface.

If you haven’t already, you need to tell your FreeBSD server to be a router by adding the following into /etc/rc.conf:

gateway_enable=”YES”
ipv6_enable=”YES”
ipv6_gateway_enable=”YES”
ipv6_router_enable=”YES”

Of course, you can just add the first line if you have no IPv6 connectivity.

You should be all set.  Everytime you reboot, your router will auto-connect to the PPPoE (and reconnect if the connection drops).

To confirm after you have connected, you can check out /var/log/ppp.log which should show things being connected.

Windows 7 IPv6 auto-assignment fix

For some reason, Microsoft decided that Windows 7 would autoconfigure IPv6 using a random identifier (not the MAC address / EUI-64) – they went on to decide that it would randomly assign temporary addresses which change constantly.  This is an admin nightmare, not to mention *awful* when it comes to assigning DNS.

So, here’s how to make Windows 7 behave as per every other OS…

1. Open up a Command Prompt in Administrator mode (right-click, run as administrator)

2. Run the following commands.  Each one should respond “Ok”.  If you didn’t do step 1 correctly, it will say the command required elevation.

netsh interface ipv6 set privacy state=disabled store=active
netsh interface ipv6 set privacy state=disabled store=persistent
netsh interface ipv6 set global randomizeidentifiers=disabled store=active
netsh interface ipv6 set global randomizeidentifiers=disabled store=persistent

3. Exit the command prompt, and reboot.

When your computer has rebooted, it should auto-configure itself using EUI-64 (based on the MAC address of the interface) within the subnet given in the router advertisement.